“I was stunned,” Churchill wrote in his memoirs. “I wasn`t expecting myself. the invasion of all communication and landscape by an irresistible incursion of armored vehicles. I admit that this is one of the biggest surprises I have experienced in my life. The speed of the attack was breathtaking. At the top of Pervitin, German tank and artillery drivers covered the ground day and night, almost without stopping. Foreign commanders and civilians were completely taken by surprise. Legal status often lulls consumers into a false sense of security. Even in the legal production of RC, errors can occur and/or substances can be stretched. A legal status says nothing about the dangerousness of these substances. The name derives from the fact that the lead ship was intended to replace the armoured cruiser Yorck, which was lost to mines in 1914, and had been ordered under the provisional replacement Yorck. The other two ships, Ersatz Gneisenau and Ersatz Scharnhorst, were considered replacements for the armoured cruisers Gneisenau and Scharnhorst, both of which had been sunk in the Battle of the Falkland Islands, also in 1914.

If someone has used amphetamine in a very controlled manner for 10 years and there has been no accident, you may want to have a medical exam to see if there is an underlying disorder. And if so, it may not be so bad – despite all the reservations about drugs – to replace amphetamine with a legal, controlled drug. Not to satisfy an addiction and counteract withdrawal symptoms, but to treat the disorder. Amphetamine, a synthetic drug, belongs to the group of stimulants, which includes methamphetamine or cocaine. Illegally traded amphetamine is also known as “speed” or “pep”. White to yellowish powder is usually a mixture of various psychoactive ingredients. In most cases, non-psychoactive mixtures are added to increase the volume. The proportion of amphetamine can vary enormously. The net content is between 10 and 80%, but can also be lower or higher in individual cases.

In addition to amphetamine, the seized velocity samples also contain methamphetamine, ephedrine, caffeine, and painkillers such as paracetamol or acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin®). Mixtures often include lactose (milk sugar) and glucose. Due to illegality, however, the composition of the “speed” traded on the black market is still uncertain. For this reason, these substances are often marketed as legal substitutes for known illegal substances (e.g. for the ecstasy precursor, MDMA) and often declared with misused terms (such as cactus fertilizers or bath salts). In The Art of War, Sun Tzu wrote that speed is “the essence of war.” Although, of course, he doesn`t have amphetamines in mind, he would no doubt have been impressed by their powerful war-promoting psychoactive effects. Amphetamines – often referred to as “encouragement pills”, “go pills”, “uppers” or “speeds” – are a group of synthetic drugs that stimulate the central nervous system, reduce fatigue and appetite and increase alertness and well-being. Amphetamines, the epitome of the modern industrial age, arrived relatively late in the history of mind-altering substances – marketed by major industrial powers just in time for mass use during World War II. This war was not only the most destructive war in human history, but also the most pharmacologically intense.

It was literally accelerated by speed. The Blitzkreig depended on speed and pushed relentlessly day and night with troops of chariots. In April 1940, this quickly led to the fall of Denmark and Norway. The following month, the troops moved on to Holland, Belgium and finally France. German tanks covered 240 miles of difficult terrain, including the Ardennes Forest, in 11 days, bypassing entrenched British and French forces, who had mistakenly assumed the Ardennes were impassable. Paratroopers sometimes landed before the advance, causing chaos behind enemy lines; The British press described these soldiers as “heavily drugged, fearless and berserkers”. Methamphetamine is another synthetic variant that is even more stimulating than amphetamine. In addition, the effect can last much longer, sometimes up to 16 hours. In the illegal market, high-methamphetamine speed is also known as Crystal, Crystal Meth, Crystal-Speed or Ice. From my point of view, amphetamine in controlled consumption is a non-harmful preparation for fun in all areas. Certainly, many factors are responsible for the fact that I do not consider it harmful unlike alcohol, tobacco and caffeine which are legal.

In my opinion, the average person consumes these 3 substances almost daily! But I`m more than fed up now and I want to lead a 100% normal life. Only circumstances force me more or less to consume. I work as a butcher and usually more than 10 hours a day, which I wouldn`t be able to do in cold weaning, at least not at first. Because then I am so weak and absolutely without energy. Is there no replacement that is at least legal?? As with all substances – whether legal or illegal – it`s about keeping consumption under control and managing your health responsibly. That it succeeds makes the difference between pleasure and dependence. So that controlled consumption does not become an addictive behavior, it is therefore worth adhering to the rules that work well as you describe them and checking again and again too much self-criticism if it continues to go in the desired direction. The plant had 90,000 horsepower on the shaft (67,000 kW; 91,000 hp) and 295 rpm, just like the predecessors of the Mackensen class. Their slightly larger size reduced their speed somewhat, from 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph) in the Mackensen-class ships to 27.3 knots (50.6 km/h; 31.4 mph) in the new ships. The ships were designed to store 850 tons (840 long tons) of coal and 250 tons (250 long tons) of oil in specially designed fuel bunkers. However, the areas of the hull between the torpedo bulkhead and the outer wall of the ship were also used for fuel storage. This additional space provided a total of 4,000 tons (3,900 long tons) of coal and 2,000 tons (2,000 long tons) of oil.

With the fuel supply, the ships were able to travel an estimated speed of 5,500 nautical miles (10,200 km; 6,300 miles) at a cruising speed of 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph). The three replacement Yorck-class ships were to be members of the Mackensen class, and initial funding for the ships was approved on 21 February 1915.[8] Admiral Eduard von Capelle was released on 16 September. In March 1916, Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz was appointed Secretary of State for the RMA, which led to questions within the RMA about the three ships. Kaiser Wilhelm II wanted the next group of battlecruisers to be equipped with 38 centimetres (15 in) guns instead of the 35 cm (14 inch) guns carried by the Mackensens. On April 19, the construction department submitted several design proposals, including GK1, GK2 and GK3. All three were armed with 38 cm guns and had a displacement of 34,000 to 38,000 tons (33,000 to 37,000 long tons). This was a significant increase over the Mackensen design, which had moved 31,000 tonnes (31,000 long tons) as planned; Most of the growth in displacement was caused by the heavier main battery, larger and more powerful engines, and additional boilers that allowed for a speed increase of 1.5 to 2 knots (2.8 to 3.7 km/h; 1.7 to 2.3 mph) over the Mackensens. [2],[3] As usual with warships of the time, replacement Yorcks were to be equipped with submerged torpedo tubes. There were three 60 cm (24 in.) tubes: one at the bow and one on each side of the ship.

The torpedoes were of the H8 type, which were 9 m (30 ft) long and carried a 210 kg (463 lb) hexanite warhead. The torpedoes had a range of 8,000 m (8,700 yd) at a speed of 35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph); At a reduced speed of 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph), the range increased significantly to 15,000 m (16,000 yd). [2],[14] The ships would have been supplied with about fifteen torpedoes. [15] At a meeting on the 12th. August told Hebbinghaus that he wanted to build ships that resembled traditional battleships and preferred survivability to offensive force; He argued that the Mackensens should be abandoned in favor of this new type, as they were designed before the Navy had any war experience on which to base them. Capelle explained that the last three Mackensen`s – replacement Yorck, replacement Scharnhorst and replacement Gneisenau – and replacement Friedrich Carl, if the work was not too advanced, would have to be reorganized as the brand new model, GK6, which he submitted. This design required a ship armed with eight 38 cm guns with a displacement of 36,500 t (35,900 long tons) and a maximum speed of 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph).