Very often, as academicians, we come across these questions: “Are your students, industry ready ?” “How well are they trained to take up careers in industry ?” “What additional skill sets did they acquire during their undergraduate years ?” “Can they work on live projects ?” “What makes them different from graduates from other institutions?” [...]


As a child, we all asked a million questions about everything – Why is the sky black?  How do we not fall from the earth?  Why 2 and 2 equals 4?  Why are apples red? How babies are born? Where does the sun go at night? We all had a barrage of questions for our [...]

A Success Story at Pralhad P Chhabria Research Center

In India, the chasm between industry and academia has always been a bane and there have been little to no efforts to bridge this gap making both entities grow apart further.  The effect of this outcome often impacts students’ careers. In March 2020, we at PPCRC tried something unique. Our team comprising of faculty and [...]


When I ask anybody what his/her understanding of the term “learning” is, I get so many different answers. Some say, getting new things, information, knowledge, skills, experience, view, behaviour, opinion, perspective or visualization and many more. Wikipedia, terms learning as the process of acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviours, skills, values, or preferences. \ […]

Neural Networks (NN) Basics And Neuron Activation Functions

Neural networks are adaptive learning systems, inspired by the biological neural systems. These may be trained with input-output data or may operate in a self-organizing mode. The basic block in an NN is the mathematical model of a neuron as in Eqn. 1. Three fundamental components of a neuron are the connection links that provide […]

Experience Teaches Everything

“We are the sum total of our experience. Those experiences, be they positive or negative make us the person we are, at any given point in our lives.” – B. J. Neblett. Knowledge comes from learning; but ‘experience’ comes from living. A life without problems and challenges is like a school without lessons. Teaching was […]

Fun + Mathematics = Recreational Mathematics

Mathematics is a constantly improving branch of knowledge. It is influencing our day-to-day life;however, commoners do not understand its impact. Most people think that mathematics is a branch of knowledge that includes only techniques of calculation of numbers and of shapes and sizes of various objects. The general impression is that mathematics is difficult to […]

COVID-19 and the Impact on the Environment

As per the latest reports by the World Health Organisation, there is near about 20 lakh COVID-19 cases reported across the world so far, with a little over 1,26,776  deaths. In short, the corona virus has affected people’s life irrespective of their social and economic condition. In the thick of all the gloom and doom, there […]

Flood Forecasting and Warning System

Introduction: – The flood can occur anywhere after heavy rain. Flood forecasting sufficiently in advance enables a warning to be given to the people likely to be affected and further enable authorities to take appropriate precautionary measures. It thus forms a very important and relatively inexpensive non-structural flood management measure, however, it must be realized […]


Smart Grid and its Challenges:- The growing consumer demand of electric energy every day and the aging transmission and distribution power grid infrastructure in India is causing new challenges for engineers. In recent years, domestic as well as industrial consumers are using more and more computers, servers, communication equipment, process control equipment, sophisticated machinery and […]

The Struggle for Virtue

The word STRUGGLE has come to have a negative meaning. But according to me every struggle is victory.  It’s never easy to be great. If it were, everything would be amazing and easy and eventually have no worth there is no shortcut to achievement. To be able to stay the course and be committed and […]

Life Without Electricity – Can you imagine?

Electricity is an integral part of the modern lifestyle.  We are completely dependent on uninterrupted power supply to power our gadgets, appliances, healthcare, education, you name it and that requires electricity. The basic requirements for human survival used to be food, clothing and shelter but today electricity and internet have been added to that survival […]