Explainable AI

There is an ever-increasing prevalence of modern AI systems which are becoming more capable and finding their way to new applications. These enhanced capabilities mean more complexity, and that makes these systems more difficult to understand.When IBM Watson was marketed to hospitals to help the oncology department detect cancer, it failed miserably. The doctors as [...]

Meditation Helpful in Covid19 Pandemic

Meditation is a technique that is being followed since ancient days.  The sages (rishis) of ancient India used to meditate and practice yoga with the primary purpose of achieving their final goal – self-realization. Nowadays, meditation is being used for secondary benefits like getting rid of stress related problems, disorders related to the mind, improve […]

Education today – Beyond the Classroom

As the world is battling one of the worst pandemic, it is important that teachers look beyond the obvious teaching methods and incorporate innovative ways to help the learners. But are these technologies really working for students?  I am a teacher anda mother. Like me, many teachers around the world are finding newer ways to […]


When I ask anybody what his/her understanding of the term “learning” is, I get so many different answers. Some say, getting new things, information, knowledge, skills, experience, view, behaviour, opinion, perspective or visualization and many more.  Wikipedia, terms learning as the process of acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviours, skills, values, or preferences. As […]

Voice Based Smart Cleaner Using Raspberry Pi

Abstract: Robots have become an integral part of 21st century due to their excessive use in industries, household, hotels and offices. Now-a-days robots are also been used for household applications like cleaning purpose, security purpose etc. Cleaning is an important factor for healthy living and hygiene but due to lack of time it is being […]

Neural Networks (NN) Basics And Neuron Activation Functions

Neural networks are adaptive learning systems, inspired by the biological neural systems. These may be trained with input-output data or may operate in a self-organizing mode. The basic block in an NN is the mathematical model of a neuron as in Eqn. 1. Three fundamental components of a neuron are the connection links that provide […]

Experience Teaches Everything

“We are the sum total of our experience. Those experiences, be they positive or negative make us the person we are, at any given point in our lives.” – B. J. Neblett. Knowledge comes from learning; but ‘experience’ comes from living. A life without problems and challenges is like a school without lessons. Teaching was […]

Neural Network Models and Classification

There are several types of neural network models with various features developed for variety of applications. A single neuron with linear activation function as in Eqn. 1,three fundamental components of it are the connection links that provide the inputs with weights for  = 1,…, , an adder that sums all the weighted inputs to prepare […]

Fun + Mathematics = Recreational Mathematics

Mathematics is a constantly improving branch of knowledge. It is influencing our day-to-day life;however, commoners do not understand its impact. Most people think that mathematics is a branch of knowledge that includes only techniques of calculation of numbers and of shapes and sizes of various objects. The general impression is that mathematics is difficult to […]

COVID-19 and the Impact on the Environment

As per the latest reports by the World Health Organisation, there is near about 20 lakh COVID-19 cases reported across the world so far, with a little over 1,26,776  deaths. In short, the corona virus has affected people’s life irrespective of their social and economic condition. In the thick of all the gloom and doom, there […]

Flood Forecasting and Warning System

Introduction: – The flood can occur anywhere after heavy rain. Flood forecasting sufficiently in advance enables a warning to be given to the people likely to be affected and further enable authorities to take appropriate precautionary measures. It thus forms a very important and relatively inexpensive non-structural flood management measure, however, it must be realized […]


Smart Grid and its Challenges:- The growing consumer demand of electric energy every day and the aging transmission and distribution power grid infrastructure in India is causing new challenges for engineers. In recent years, domestic as well as industrial consumers are using more and more computers, servers, communication equipment, process control equipment, sophisticated machinery and […]